Leyden, Lucas van

   Dutch painter and engraver who was deeply influenced by Albrecht Dürer and the Italians. Lucas van Leyden was first trained by his father, Hugo Jacobsz van Leyden, and, when Hugo died, Lucas moved to the studio of Cornelis Engelbrechtsz. His earliest dated work is an engraving titled Mohammed and the Monk Sergius (1508), an image with Dürer-like qualities much admired by his contemporaries. In fact, Marcantonio Raimondi used van Leyden's background for his own engraving of Michelangelo's Battle of Cascina. Then followed van Leyden's engraving of Adam and Eve (1510) where the theme of mother and child is borrowed from Dürer, as are the deep pockets of dark that contrast with open areas free of crosshatching. Even van Leyden's signature, composed simply of the upper case letter "L," recalls the signature of Dürer. Van Leyden's Adoration of the Magi (c. 1500-1510; Merion Station, the Barnes Collection) is one of his early paintings. It shows a spacious, logically constructed manger populated by figures that are dwarfed by the ample setting. The construction of space in this work denotes van Leyden's understanding of Italian methods of perspective. So does his engraving of the Ecce Homo (1510), a work that recalls Jacopo Bellini's drawings of religious scenes presented as mere incidentals within elaborate cityscapes in convincing perspective. By c. 1514-1515, van Leyden adopted a more monumental style, as seen in his Card Players (c. 1514; Salisbury, Wilton House Collection), a genre scene that moralizes on the ills of gambling. His Madonna and Child with Angels (c. 1518; Berlin, Staatliche Museen), like the Card Players, brings the half figures closer to the picture plane, the musical angels recalling those of Italian masters such as Andrea Mantegna. Also Mantegnesque are the garlands above the Virgin and Child, which mimic those in the Italian master's San Zeno Altarpiece (1456-1459; Verona, San Zeno). Van Leyden's Adoration of the Golden Calf (c. 1525; Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum) presents another moralizing theme of inappropriate conduct. Here, the Israelites engage in the vices of gluttony, intemperance, and luxuria. In the middle ground, Moses descends from the mountain with the law tablets, only to find the Israelites committing idolatry. The Healing of the Man of Jericho (1531; St. Petersburg, Hermitage) presents a more successful integration of figures within the landscape as they no longer seem overwhelmed by it. It depicts one of the miracles effected by Christ while on his way to Jerusalem, the drama enhanced by the emphatic gestures and poses of those who witness.
   Karel Van Mander wrote that at 35 van Leyden traveled by boat through the Netherlands and entertained fellow painter Jan Gossart and others. After the trip, van Leyden fell ill and, convinced that he had been poisoned, spent the last years of his life in bed, though he continued to work until his death in 1533. Van Leyden left 172 engravings, which facilitated the spread of his style through Europe and particularly Italy, where his influence was significant.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LEYDEN, LUCAS VAN —    an eminent early Dutch painter and engraver, born in Leyden; succeeded in every branch of painting, and, like Dürer, engraved his own pictures; his works are highly valued, and some of them very rare; he spent his means in high living and died …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Lucas van Leyden — Autorretrato Nombre de nacimiento Lucas Hugensz/Lucas Huygenz Nacimiento 1494 Leiden (Holanda) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lucas van Leiden — Lucas Hugensz van Leyden (* Ende Mai/Anfang Juni 1494 in Leiden; † Ende Mai/Anfang August 1533; auch Lucas von Leyden, in Italien Luca d Olanda) war ein niederländischer Maler und Kupferstecher der Renaissance. Selbstbildnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lucas Van Leyden — Autoportrait Naissance 1494 Rome Décès 1533 Leyde Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lucas van Leyden — Autoportrait Nom de naissance Lucas Huighensz Jacobsz Naissance 1494 Leyde Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lucas van Leyden — Lucas Hugensz van Leyden (* Ende Mai/Anfang Juni 1494 in Leiden; † Ende Mai/Anfang August 1533; auch Lucas von Leyden, in Italien Luca d Olanda) war ein niederländischer Maler und Kupferstecher der Renaissance. Selbstbildnis, Herzog Anton Ulrich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lucas van Leyden — (Leiden, 1494 ndash; August 8 1533 in Leiden), also named either Lucas Hugensz or Lucas Jacobsz, was a Dutch engraver and painter, born and mainly active in Leiden, who was among the first Dutch exponents of genre painting and is generally… …   Wikipedia

  • Lucas van Leyden —   [ lyːkas fɑn lɛi̯də], niederländischer Maler und Grafiker, * Leiden 1494, ✝ ebenda 1533; ab 1508 Schüler von C. Engebrechtsz. Schon die frühesten datierten Stiche (1508) zeigen reiche Beobachtung, hohe Eigenart der Charakteristik und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lucas van Leyden — [lo͞o′käs΄ vän līd′ n] (born Lucas Jacobsz) 1494 1533; Du. painter & etcher …   English World dictionary

  • LUCAS VAN LEYDEN — (c. 1489/94 1533) According to the early seventeenth century art historian Karel van Mander, Lucas van Leyden was precocious, engraving his first works at age nine and becoming equally accomplished in painting, glass painting, and engraving. Born …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

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